Power DAX - Retail Demand Forecasting

NCR VOYIX's Power DAX optimizes inventory ordering and stock replenishment. The browser-based solution was designed specifically for fast-moving convenience retailers. Its four core modules – Forecasting, Inventory, Ordering and Analytics – rely on mathematically precise algorithms to understand demand and accurately manage replenishment orders.


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NCR VOYIX POWER DEMAND ANALYTX (DAX) - Retail Inventory Analytics and Forecasting



Are out-of-stocks resulting in lost sales and spoiled perishables taking their toll on your profitability?



Are disconnects between your stores and distribution centers causing too much of the wrong inventory to take up your valuable shelf space? Determining and assuring ideal inventory levels in high-volume retail environments is no easy task. All too often, countless variables—such as special promotions, holiday sales, changes and spikes in customer demand—make effective inventory replenishment a serious, if not impossible effort.


Designed to address this very challenge in fast-moving consumer goods and food retail, NCR Power DAX software solution optimizes both ordering and inventory replenishment.


Its powerful and precise forecasting, inventory management, ordering and analytics functionality—coupled with multi-echelon replenishment and perishable item management capabilities—help retailers better understand demand and more accurately manage replenishment orders throughout the supply chain.


NCR Power DAX ultimately helps advance retailers from “push” to “pull” inventory strategy, providing enhanced efficiency and more reliable replenishment processes across every echelon of the entire retail chain.


  • Clear and measurable ROI High profitability via minimized out-of stocks, spoilage and perishable shrink
  • Increased inventory visibility
  • Optimized store-level execution and performance, improved business performance and enhanced shopper experience



A Close Look at Demand-Driven Replenishment 



Precision Demand Forecasting 


Forecasting functionality accurately predicts demand based on sophisticated algorithms, data validation and data cleansing. The robust forecasting engine accounts for promotions, seasonality, trends, special events, end caps, new items, markdowns, item/ SKU relations and out-of-stocks. It also promotes overall supply chain visibility by providing all units of all levels with long-term store demand forecasting.



Intelligent Fresh and Perishable Item Handling 


Featuring a custom logic designed to accommodate fresh and perishable item expiration, as a means of reducing potential out-of-stocks. The solution provides retailers with total inventory visibility, as well as with full shelf life awareness, allowing them to optimize availability, minimize spoilage and significantly reduce costly disposal. For even further business efficiency and profitability, NCR Power DAX supports expiration-based markdown, prompting retailers to launch promotions as products near the end of their useful shelf life.



Multi-echelon Replenishment 


NCR Power DAX enables full synchronization across stores and distribution centers with a unified demand-driven forecast to deliver multi-echelon inventory optimization, and assures that stock is replenished proactively, based on actual shopper demand. By supporting complex supply chains and optimizing enterprise-wide forecasting, retailers can quickly and easily adjust replenishment to respond to changes in consumer demand. This means retailers can reduce their overall inventory levels while maximizing customer service.  



Ordering Optimization 


This solution provides powerful order optimization, with support for numerous cost attributes, including inventory holding, out-of-stock, spoilage, storage and fixed order costs. There are dedicated algorithms that streamline both fast-moving and slow-moving items, along with perishables with a short shelf life. Orders take into considerations forward buy discounts, store order workflows, delivery schedules, replenishment parameters and item allocations.



Product Highlights 


  • Automated forecasting and replenishment — fully automated replenishment processes that help address every possible inventory scenario across the entire retail chain
  • Centralized inventory management with an eye for detail — centralized order management that keeps stores, warehouses and distribution centers in full sync
  • Innovative and user-friendly —  all functionality delivered via web-based graphical user interfaces, with clear and coherent workflows that assure high efficiency and accuracy • Seamless integration with NCR Inventory Manager— a centrally-managed solution enabling high business agility through increased IT visibility; supports parallel inventory counts and financial valuation processes


A FRESH APPROACH: Reduce spoilage and increase profits with demand-driven replenishment 



A demand-driven replenishment system optimizes inventory ordering and stock replenishment by forecasting demand based on advanced algorithms that measure real-world purchase trends and other influencing factors. Food retailers who replace traditional inventory management and replenishment approaches with a demand-driven system can expect chain-wide reductions in spoilage as great as 50%.



A fresh perspective on inventory replenishment 


Every retailer needs to turn inventory as fast as possible, but in the perishable foods category, speed is particularly critical. When moisture loss, decomposition and other spoilage can render a food inedible, the retailer has no option but to throw it out. Profits are sacrificed, efficiency suffers, and out-of-stocks puts customer loyalty at risk. 


Yet, every retailer also knows when it comes to perishable food a certain level of spoilage is unavoidable. The question is how much is acceptable? According to a USDA Economic Research Service report on food waste, losses due to spoilage in the supermarket average nearly 12% for fresh fruit, 10% for fresh vegetables, and 4.5% for fresh meat, poultry and seafood.  


The report also shows spoilage rates for individual items can vary significantly, from an average low of 0.6% for sweet corn to a staggering high of 63.6% for mustard greens.


Managing the complex spoilage challenges inherent in short shelf-life items is a daunting task for retailers. With the right kind of technology in place, however, retailers today can lower their spoilage rates substantially, while increasing profits and customer satisfaction at the same time. A demand-driven replenishment system is how it is done.



Overcoming the traditional obstacles 


According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, more than 11% of the world’s population is chronically undernourished or living with insufficient food sources. When millions of people are dying from hunger each year, it’s tragic when food goes to waste. Nevertheless, there are common causes of spoilage lead to retail food loss, including: 


  • Exceptionally short shelf life products
  • Operational obstacles
  • Inaccurate forecasting methods
  • Imprecise inventory management
  • Inefficient display strategies
  • Changes in customer behavior


With a demand-driven replenishment solution, each of these problems can be alleviated.



Single Category, Multiple Challenges 


Retailers are faced with a number of challenges in the perishable food category that aren’t found anywhere else. When a product’s shelf life is unusually short, such as fresh meat or sandwiches, retailers have no choice but to sell the item quickly. These items typically must be sold within two or three days, so there is simply no room for error in ordering and replenishment.


Even for perishable products with a longer sale cycle, such as 14 days for milk, retailers must have good control over their inventory management processes to minimize spoilages. 


When milk is replenished weekly, retailers strive to sell out of the previous week’s inventory before the new milk is arrives—regardless of how many days are left before expiration. If the old and new milk are together on the shelf, the retailer must encourage shoppers to buy the older inventory first. Otherwise, the clock keeps ticking and the chance of spoilage increases. 


Other challenges unique to the perishable category include problems in packaging that can make it difficult for the retailer to accurately measure inventory. If fresh tomatoes are purchased in bulk by the pound and the retailer sells them by the each, how can the store get a precise inventory count to forecast sales? Again, the answer is to implement a demand-driven replenishment system that takes such factors into account.



Fresh Functionality, Fresh Benefits 


Historically, retailers have tried to minimize spoilage rates by one of two ways—ordering lower inventory quantities or slashing the price to move products before they expire. Both methods are based on best-guess scenarios and can cause the retailer to lose money and upset customers. Even when the mark-downs do help move the items, shoppers perceive them as “less fresh” and an inferior in quality to the newer ones. As a result, too many markdowns can hurt the store’s image, not only negatively impact profits.


The good news is that demand-driven replenishment systems alleviate the inherent problems in managing product spoilage. With these solutions, algorithms automatically calculate optimal order quantities based on real-world consumer purchase trends. Despite their advantages, not all demand-based systems provide the same robust functionality needed to optimize freshproduce inventory and sales. To achieve the best results, the demand-driven system must be able to: 


  • Forecast spoilage when ordering
  • Calculate shelf life
  • Find the optimal balance between spoilage and out-of stocks (OOS)
  • Support the unique attributes of produce and other weighted items




Forecasting and Shelf Life Calculations 


Sales activity can vary significantly from day to day, but retailers are typically forced to put hard caps on the level of inventory ordered. Such limits don’t always align with buyer behavior, which can have significant peaks and valleys. These inconsistencies can lead to unacceptable levels of spoilage. With a demand-driven system, however, these factors are taken into account from the very beginning. Reported shelf life becomes part of the ordering process, along with the effect of future expiration dates on replenished items. This helps the system optimize the “effective inventory” level for each item—the quantity of items that still have days remaining before they must be sold. 


By optimizing effective inventory levels, orders don’t exceed reported shelf-life periods, so shrink is avoided and the level of safety stock a retailer must keep on hand. With fresh foods, forecasts must also be able to adjust for the unique attributes of random weight foods, which are purchased by weight and sold by quantities. With the right kind of demand-based technology, the system can make these calculations automatically.



A Delicate Balance 


Ultimately, the goal is to obtain the optimal balance between all factors that contribute to spoilage. This requires finding the right order quantity for each item that perfectly balances the inventory cost with the cost of the item being out of stock, along with the potential loss due to spoilage. To further complicate matters, different customers have different buying behaviors that impact sales. Most often, retail customers fall into one of the following three classifications: 


  • LIFO customers, or those who are always looking for the newest product in a given category
  • “Don’t care” customers, those who simply pick up the first item they see on the shelf
  • And “good enough” customers, which includes shoppers who are willing to purchase an item with a reasonable, if not the freshest, expiration date


With these factors in mind, the goal is to find the level of inventory that isn’t too much or too little. LIFO shopping behavior leads to higher spoilage rates because shoppers will inherently favor newer items at the expense of aging ones. “Don’t care” and “good enough” customers may be less discerning, but they still can’t purchase items if they can’t find them on the shelf.


A demand-driven system includes logic that takes all shopping behaviors into account, allowing the system to predict spoilage automatically. Certain algorithms protect the retailer from ordering too much, while other logic accurately forecasts spoilage trends. The result is an ideal balance between LIFO and FIFO strategies that minimizes out-of-stocks and unnecessary losses due to spoilage.



Operational Improvements 


Science, no matter how advanced, doesn’t succeed in a vacuum. In a demand-driven replenishment environment, retailers still should implement operational policies to maximize the benefits demand-driven solutions offer, especially when short-shelf-life products are involved. These areas include: 


  • Re-shelving policies
  • Minimum inventory display strategies
  • Markdown management
  • Spoilage management


Having the right shelving policies plays a major role in reducing spoilage. For example, keeping new inventory in the back room until items from the shelf are sold helps increase the sales of aging items. Conversely, displaying new items too quickly will skew sales toward LIFO buyer behavior that contributes to increased spoilage. 


When it comes to minimum inventory displays, it was considered a best practice to fill the shelves to make the store aesthetically pleasing to the consumer. However, more often than not, a full shelf means excessive spoilage or shrink. In most cases, it’s best to target a balance between the visual aspects of the display with predicted demand and buying behaviors. 


In fact, small operational changes can make a major difference on the bottom line. For instance, more than 70% of shoppers are right-handed, so a simple strategy is to place shorter expiration dated items on the right-hand side of a display—where the vast majority of shoppers habitually pull items from the shelves.


These and other operational strategies play a major role in the retailer’s ability to manage markdowns and spoilage effectively. Combined with the power of demand-driven forecasting, inventory management, order optimization and advanced analytics, retailers can reduce spoilage dramatically. A demand-driven system can provide the analytical tools necessary to determine the most cost-effective number based on item movement and reported shelf-life trends, but after the system identifies the optimum value, the right operational policies are equally important. 



Demand a higher ROI 


What does a demand-driven business entail? According to Gartner’s report The Handbook for Becoming Demand Driven , companies that are focused on demand have five essential strategies, regardless of industry. They: 


  • Are market driven, not marketing driven
  • Develop products that drive demand
  • Rely on channel-driven fulfillment
  • Focus on demand-driven replenishment
  • Provide agile networks for a customer-centric response


Companies who implement demand-driven solutions can experience the following benefits:


  • Increase in inventory turns by 23%
  • Higher return on assets (ROA) by 27%
  • Greater revenue growth by 25%


With the right kind of system in place, retailers won’t only see improvements at the start of the implementation, there will be continuous and ongoing business benefits that will keep them ahead of the competition into the future. For every retailer who takes full advantage of what demand-driven solutions can deliver, lower spoilage rates are just the tip of the iceberg in terms of benefits.